What Is CNC Routing? And It's Uses

CNC routing is a process that uses computer-controlled machinery to cut materials like wood, plastic, and metal. The CNC router is mounted with a tool, such as a drill or saw blade, which cuts the material according to the design of the part that is programmed into the machine.

This technology has revolutionised manufacturing and allowed for more complex parts to be created with ease. If you're curious to learn more about CNC routing and what it can do for your business, keep reading!


CNC - What is it Anyway?

Before we learn what CNC routing is, let's talk about what CNC is. CNC stands for Computerised Numerical Control. It is a computerised manufacturing process involving pre-programmed software and code that controls the movement of production equipment.

CNC machining controls a range of complex machinery, including grinders, lathes, and turning mills. All of these are used for shaping, cutting, and creating different parts and prototypes.

Using pre-programmed computer software, factory equipment and tools function according to a production process called CNC machining. From mills and CNC routers to lathes and grinders, the procedure can be utilised to operate a variety of complicated machines.


What is CNC Routing?

This is a process for milling, drilling, and cutting products using a computer-controlled machine called a CNC router. The main purpose of CNC routing is engraving, cutting, and carving objects from a workpiece.

It replaces the need to use a manual hand-held router. Also, errors are greatly reduced when you use a CNC router which helps boost efficiency and convenience.

CNC routing provides precise and timely shaping of a wide variety of materials. General routing applications include stator covers, control boards, gaskets, insulation barriers, and much, much more.


How Do CNC Routers Work?

CNC routers can utilise CNCs to automate the tool path route that lets the machines work. With such capabilities, the CNC routers provide more effective cuts compared to manual-controlled routers with a marked increase in efficiency.

Their ability to cut wood, non-ferrous metals, foam, and plastic etc. gives them an advantage across a collection of industries and projects.

CNC routers can create a huge range of items, including:

  •   Furniture
  •   Instruments
  •   Cabinets
  •   Moulding
  •   Signs

The versatility helps CNC routers adapt to every project’s requirements in an instant. This is while guaranteeing you get to take advantage of it on a wide selection of projects.


Why Should You Use a CNC Router?

Using CNC routers is efficient since they can perform huge quantities of projects while you’re focusing on other tasks. These can easily, accurately, and efficiently perform repeated designs and can even complete compelling projects overnight.

CNC machines can work out as a huge investment for a shop. The performance of these machines offers many advantages that far outweigh their costs. These provide a high level of efficiency and reduce waste.

If you’ve become frustrated over sluggish methods, frequent cutting errors, expensive employees, or other issues in your shop, fret not. The best solution to your issue is by using a CNC router.


Benefits of Utilising CNC Routers

To give you a better idea of what advantages the CNC routers can offer, here are some of their benefits.



The router's ability to cut and engrave without the use of a different tool is a significant advantage. You can precisely and repeatedly cut materials thanks to the repeatability of material shaping. Error and waste frequency are therefore decreased.


It is User-friendly

The toolpath instructions for CNC routers are typically provided by a piece of intermediary software like Vectric Cut2Dpro. However, programmers are still free to use their preferred drawing program. If training has been completed, programming and running the equipment is simple and straightforward.


Safe to Use

Routers emit fewer fumes than many alternative shaping techniques (such as laser engraving). Despite that, they can still generate tons of chippings and dust when cutting. Also, CNC routers often have a dust extraction system fitted to reduce the dust leaving the bed to the surrounding environment. The dust extraction system consists of a filter and an extractor fan.



With their computer-operated nature, CNC routers deliver better precision and consistency. When you input your design and measurements, the CNC routers can create as many products as you wish. And everything it produces will look the same.

Unlike handheld machines that are prone to errors and inexact cuts, CNC routers are excellently precise and reliable. These machines also help you increase savings since their precision allows for efficiently utilising raw materials on each cut. As a result, you also increase your profit margin.



CNC routers offer unparalleled flexibility. These are capable of drilling and milling various types of materials, including metals. You can use them for creating signs, mouldings, furniture, instruments, and other items we use regularly. The flexibility of CNC routers allow businesses to perform multiple tasks and bring in more businesses.



What Can a CNC Router Do?

A CNC router can cut various materials including wood, aluminium, plastic, and high-density foam. This machine is often used for 2D cutting on flat materials. A controller instructs the CNC router to move the tool head along its X and Y axis. It uses programmed tool paths from a vector drawing.

CNC routers can machine elaborate 3D profiles and designs on the same types of materials. However, you’ll need a fully programmable Z-axis with a suitable design file and controller.


What Does CNC Mean?

CNC or computer numerical control is the process of automating control of machine tools via software integrated into a microcomputer. It’s often used for manufacturing and machining plastic and metal parts.


What is Routing in Machining?

Routing, also known as milling, is a method performed with a routing tool when using a CNC machine. It’s used for forming the PCB’s contour at the very end of the production process. This process is done when separating individual PCBs from the production panel.


Final Thoughts


The advantages of CNC routing are clear. It will help to give you incredibly precise cuts while reducing both time and waste. Added to that, they are compatible with a wide range of materials. Using a computer-controlled machine can take your business to the next level.

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